Bots are one of the most sophisticated and popular types of cybercrime today. They allow hackers to take control of many computers at a time, and turn them into "zombie" computers, which operate as part of a powerful "botnet”.
Botnets are networks of compromised computers, controlled by remote attackers to spread viruses, generate spam, and commit other types of online crime and fraud. The word ‘Bot’ comes from the word Robot and is referred to any software program that carries out automated pre-defined tasks. They can perform useful tasks as well as malicious tasks.
Each computer in the Botnet is called a Node and they could be any computer, anywhere in the world, if an attacker has managed to surreptitiously install malware on the computer. Such Nodes are then used to spread malware further, send spam mail or even attack other computers. Such Botnets are controlled via protocols such as IRC.
Now days we cannot imagine our life without using a computer. Even though it makes our life simple but it equally has the capability to destroy it because of security concerns. To raise awareness amongst people every year November 30th is celebrated as computer security day in whole world. It was started in 1988 to prompt everyone of the importance of securing their networks, computers and data. Can it help an organization to reduce threat? Yes, as human is the weakest link of an organization, we can raise security awareness amongst employee to minimize risk to some extent. Information security is the responsibility of every employee of an organization irrespective of their designation. We can assist organizations in strengthening their information security by conducting some of activity on that day like,